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RARI: TRUE BIZ Discussion Guide


What is Audism?

The term audism was coined in 1975 in an unpublished article written by an American communication and language researcher named Tom L. Humphries used as a way to describe discrimination against persons who are deaf.

According to Humphries, audism manifests “in the form of people who continually judge deaf people’s intelligence and success on the basis of their ability in the language of the hearing culture.” It also appears when deaf people themselves “actively participate in the oppression of other deaf people by demanding of them the same set of standards, behavior, and values that they demand of hearing people." (

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law modeled after the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which was was signed into law on July 26, 1990 by President George H.W. Bush. The purpose of the ADA is to ensure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.

The ADA was amended in 2008 by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA). The main intention of the ADAAA was to broaden the scope of the definition of “disability” under the ADA.

The ADA consists of five titles:

  • Title I: Employment
  • Title II: Public Services
  • Title III: Public Accommodations
  • Title IV: Telecommunications
  • Title V: Miscellaneous provisions

To learn more about ADA resources, visit the following links:

Government Resources

Additional Resources