The term audism was coined in 1975 in an unpublished article written by an American communication and language researcher named Tom L. Humphries used as a way to describe discrimination against persons who are deaf.
According to Humphries, audism manifests “in the form of people who continually judge deaf people’s intelligence and success on the basis of their ability in the language of the hearing culture.” It also appears when deaf people themselves “actively participate in the oppression of other deaf people by demanding of them the same set of standards, behavior, and values that they demand of hearing people." (https://www.britannica.com/topic/audism)
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is a civil rights law modeled after the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which was was signed into law on July 26, 1990 by President George H.W. Bush. The purpose of the ADA is to ensure that people with disabilities have the same rights and opportunities as everyone else in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
The ADA was amended in 2008 by the ADA Amendments Act of 2008 (ADAAA). The main intention of the ADAAA was to broaden the scope of the definition of “disability” under the ADA.
The ADA consists of five titles:
Published by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
The Job Accommodation Network (JAN)’s ADA Library provides links that lead to information about the ADA and ADAAA. Links leading to information about each title of the ADA is available as well.
“The ADA National Network provides information, guidance and training on the American with Disabilities Act (ADA), tailored to meet the needs of business, government and individuals at local, regional and national levels.”
A mix of legal documents, guiding documents for building owners and event planners, and celebrations related to milestones for the Americans with Disabilities Act. Much of the content focuses on people with limited mobility, but some content is about people who are hard of hearing. From the Civil Rights Division of the U.S. Departments of Justice.
Read primary sources about the Americans with Disabilities Act and related historical information. Look closely to find links out to other sites about disabilities. From the National Archives.
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