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Scholarly Communication: Open Access

The process by which scholars and institutions create, disseminate, preserve, and utilize scholarship, research, and creative works.

What is Open Access?

Open Access graphic by Flickr user Mllerustad

Open access seeks to make scholarly materials such as published and unpublished articles, manuscripts, working papers, conference proceedings, datasets, and creative works available to the public.

Open access literature is usually defined as "digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions"  (Suber, 2008).

It's made possible by the distribution power of the internet and the consent of the author or copyright-holder (Suber, 2008).

Open access materials have been reported to be downloaded more than traditionally published materials (Davis et al, 2008), and provide more opportunities for easier collaboration among researchers. In some disciplines, material is cited more than restricted (non-open access) material (Lawrence, 2001).

Beginning in October 2012 Johnson & Wales Library will participate in the International Open Access Week program. Visit the Open Access Week event page for more details.

OA Resources

Open Access Options at JWU

ScholarsArchive@JWU is an open access digital repository for scholarly materials and creative works. ScholarsArchive@JWU provides many tools for open access scholarly communication, including support for:


  • Open access, peer reviewed e-journal creation and publishing
  • Conference and symposium content management and archiving, including online "Call for Papers" and peer review functionalities
  • Open access publishing for JWU schools, colleges, research centers, departments, and libraries
  • Digital copies of JWU Graduate School Dissertations and Thesis


The ScholarsArchive@JWU coordinator and subject specialist librarians strive to build new partnerships with faculty, departments, research centers, and staff to collect and publish new content. Please visit ScholarsArchive@JWU to find out more.

Current Literature: Open Access and the Citation Advantage

Donovan, James M., and Watson, Carol A. "Citation Advantage of Open Access Legal Scholarship" Law Library Journal 103.4 (2011): 553-573.

Fister, B. (2011). The value of doing research – and sharing it. Inside Higher Ed. [Blog]. Retrieved from

Gargouri Y, Hajjem C, Larivière V, Gingras Y, Carr L, et al. (2010) Self-Selected or Mandated, Open Access Increases Citation Impact for Higher Quality Research. PLoS ONE 5(10): e13636. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013636

Xia, J., and Nakanishi, K. (2012). Self-selection and the citation advantage of open access articles. Online Information Review 36(1), 40- 41. Retrieved from