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Hist 3100 Contemporary American History: Interviews, Digital Files, Lectures, Media

Important notice!

COMING SOON! New MLA 8th Edition Guidelines and information!


Last name of person interviewed, first name of person interviewed. If there is a title to the interview, place it in "quotes." If the interview was published with a title, italicize the title. Name of interviewer, if known. Date. Medium (i.e., Web, Email, DVD, Radio, Television, Print).


Child, Julia. "Julia Child - Archive Interview Part 1 of 6." Archive of American Television. YouTube.

     25 Mar. 2008. Web.

Wiesel, Elie. Interview by Ted Koppel. Nightline. ABC. WABC, New York. 18 Apr. 2002. Television.

Frank, Erika. Personal interview. 12 Aug. 2009.

Doe, John. "Re: MLA Help." Message to Erika Frank. 2 Sept. 2009.

Digital Files

Digital files are files saved independently from the original. For example, an email attachment of a document or image, a document in the Public Folders from your professor, or an MP3 file you downloaded.


Collins, Jim. "Level 5 Leadership: The Triumph of Humility and Fierce Resolve." Harvard Business Review.

     2005. PDF file.

Dave Matthews Band. "Everyday." Everyday. BMG Entertainment, 2001. MP3 file.

Lange, Dorothea. "Destitute Pea Pickers in California. Mother of Seven Children. Age thirty-two."

     Nipomo, California. 1936." The Library of Congress' Photostream. 2009. JPEG file.

Lecture, Speech, Address

Give the speaker's name; the title of the presentation if known, the sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Use the appropriate label, i.e., Lecture, Keynote speech, Reading, etc.


Bourdain, Anthony. "An Evening with Culinary Adventurer Anthony Bourdain." Adrienne Arsht Center for the Performing

     Arts of Miami-Dade County. Johnson & Wales University, Miami. 14 Nov. 2008. Address.

Pausch, Randy. "Randy Pausch Last Lecture: Achieving Your Childhood Dreams." Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh.

     20 Dec. 2007. Lecture.

NOTE: This example shows how the citation would look if you saw the lecture in person. If you were to use the version of the same lecture on YouTube, the citation would be the same, except instead of "Lecture" at the end of the citation, you would put Web.


Film, DVD, or VHS:

Understanding Sociology: Theory & Method. Prod. Sue Howes. Vine Video/Insight Media, 1990. Film.

YouTube (or any online video):

"Colbert vs. Wikipedia." YouTube, 30 Jan. 2007. Web. 19 Aug. 2009.

Formating Rules for Dates & Page Numbering

New Abbreviations: Many web source entries now require a publisher name, a date of publication, and/or page numbers.

  • When no publisher name appears on the website, use: n.p. for no publisher given.
  • When websites omit a date of publication, use: n.d. for no date.
  • For online journals that appear only online (no print version) or for databases that do not provide page numbers, use: n. pag. for no pagination