Juneteenth has been celebrated for a long time and through "rich traditions" by the Black community. According to Jameelah Nasheed of Teen Vogue, "Juneteenth is a special celebration on June 19th that commemorates the end of the United States’ historic practice of slavery. In this sense, Juneteenth is a day for honoring the freedom of all people living in the United States."
Montague, Zach. “A Bill to Make Juneteenth a Federal Holiday Clears the Senate.” The New York Times, 15 June 2021. NYTimes.com, https://www.nytimes.com/2021/06/15/us/politics/juneteenth-federal-holiday-senate.html.
De Santis, C. C. (2000). “Some cord of kinship stronger and deeper than blood”: An Interview with John F. Callahan, Editor of Ralph Ellison’s “Juneteenth.” African American Review, 34(4), 601–620. https://doi-org.jwupvdz.idm.oclc.org/10.2307/2901421
The history of Juneteenth, slavery, and deferred freedom is filled with heroes, plots, and interesting twists. For many of African descent, Juneteenth is a day to commemorate the official ending of American slavery. Slavery did not end with the issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation. Not until June 19, 1865 was slavery abolished--two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the landmark mandate on January 1, 1863. However, blacks, such as those in Texas, remained in bondage until 1865. Because black Texans remained in bondage nearly three years beyond the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, they are, at a minimum, entitled to reparations comparable to two and a half years of unpaid backbreaking labor. Over the past ten years reparation has been one of the most hotly contested issues in American politics. The matter of reparations is a politically charged issue that is polarized along racial lines. The African-American community favors reparations, whereas the white community disagrees with support for reparations. While this author believes that blacks are owed reparations, this paper approaches the matter from a somewhat different angle. This essay focuses on the two and half years black Texans spent enslaved after the signing of the emancipation proclamation.
“Perspective | Juneteenth Shows That Black Freedom Remains Elusive.” Washington Post. www.washingtonpost.com, https://www.washingtonpost.com/outlook/2020/06/19/juneteenth-shows-that-black-freedom-remains-elusive/. Accessed 25 Sept. 2022.
Higgins, M., & Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service. (2017). Juneteenth : fact sheet (Ser. Crs report, r44865). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved September 25, 2022, from http://ezproxy.library.yorku.ca/login?url=https://www.heinonline.org/HOL/Page?handle=hein.crs/crsmthmbclh0001&id=1&size=2&collection=congrec&index=alpha/J_crs.
A book discussion about walking the "equity walk" at JWU
co-hosted by JWU Library and the
JWU Inclusion, Diversity & Equity Action (IDEA) Group
From Equity Talk to Equity Walk by Tia Brown McNair; Estela Mara Bensimon; Lindsey Malcom-Piqueux; Lynn Pasquerella (Foreword by)A practical guide for achieving equitable outcomes From Equity Talk to Equity Walk offers practical guidance on the design and application of campus change strategies for achieving equitable outcomes. Drawing from campus-based research projects sponsored by the Association of American Colleges and Universities and the Center for Urban Education at the University of Southern California, this invaluable resource provides real-world steps that reinforce primary elements for examining equity in student achievement, while challenging educators to specifically focus on racial equity as a critical lens for institutional and systemic change. Colleges and universities have placed greater emphasis on education equity in recent years. Acknowledging the changing realities and increasing demands placed on contemporary postsecondary education, this book meets educators where they are and offers an effective design framework for what it means to move beyond equity being a buzzword in higher education. Central concepts and key points are illustrated through campus examples. This indispensable guide presents academic administrators and staff with advice on building an equity-minded campus culture, aligning strategic priorities and institutional missions to advance equity, understanding equity-minded data analysis, developing campus strategies for making excellence inclusive, and moving from a first-generation equity educator to an equity-minded practitioner. From Equity Talk to Equity Walk: A Guide for Campus-Based Leadership and Practice is a vital wealth of information for college and university presidents and provosts, academic and student affairs professionals, faculty, and practitioners who seek to dismantle institutional barriers that stand in the way of achieving equity, specifically racial equity to achieve equitable outcomes in higher education.