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Embedded Resources: SNC

MCST 4200

I'm honored to be your personal librarian for MCST 4200.  

Making a research appointment can really save you time on your senior capstone research: click here to book an appointment or let me know a time that works for you 

Need more help? chat or text with a librarian for quick, free, super fast help.

Sarah Naomi Campbell| | 401-598-5019

Consider making a research appointment with me when we return from winter break. 

Milestone #2: Results: Evidence & Analysis I will work with you to identify similar sections in the academic/scholarly articles in your literature review to help you gain a sense of the language and style of scholarly, analytical writing in this genre.  If your Literature Review was returned with any errors, or you don't yet have 12-25 academic sources, a research appointment will leave you with the peer reviewed sources you need and set you up for success.

For Milestone #3:Conclusion/Works Cited  I will work with you to ensure your Works Cited is in MLA format and answer any citation questions based on genre.

Milestone #2: Results: Evidence & Analysis
Scholarly, 10-12 pages for Conclusion 
Creative, 10-12 minutes or pages (or the equivalent, in consultation with the instructors)

Milestone #3: Conclusion/Works Cited and Introduction
Scholarly, 3-4 pages for Conclusion & 3-4 pages for Introduction
Creative, 3-4 pages for Conclusion & 3-4 pages for Introduction

Final Project: Introduction (Milestone 3) + Milestone 1 + Milestone 2 + Conclusion/Works Cited (Milestone 3)

**Note that each student is responsible for keeping track of the minimum page length--at least 25 pages and 25 peer-reviewed sources for scholarly projects and at least 12 pages and 12 peer-reviewed sources for creative projects plus the creative project itself--throughout the milestones. Please plan accordingly.


Finding Existing Literature Reviews
As literature reviews may already exist on some aspect of your topic, it is often useful to search databases for them. However, while many databases do not permit one to limit to the specific document type of literature reviews, some do. At any rate, it is usually a good idea when searching a database to enter the particular search term(s) in the first search box and then "literature review" (or the truncated "literature review*" that will retrieve "literature review" and "literature reviews") in the second search box. Here's an example from the database Academic Source Complete
Below are selected other databases that might be searched for literature reviews:
LGBT Life with Full Text Provides abstracts and citations to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender literature published worldwide. Citations represent periodical articles, books, newspapers, newsletters, case studies, speeches, and other formats. Also includes full text for LGBT journals, magazines and regional newspapers, as well as numerous full text books.

Communication Source: Many full-text articles in this databases from over 600 journals cover Mass Media Studies, Comm
unication Theory, Linguistics, Organizational Communication, Phonetics, and Speech-Language Pathology.
Sage Full-text journal articles in such fields as Administration & Leadership, Business/Management, Clothing & Textiles, Criminal Justice, Cultures, Education, Entrepreneurship, Food Science, Hospitality, Information Science, Literature, Marketing, Sports, Travel & Tourism. FOR FULL-TEXT ARTICLES PUBLISHED FROM 1999 TO THE PRESENT: (1) Checkmark “SAGE Content Available to Me” and (2) Specify a DATE RANGE from 1999 through [current year].
Dissertations As many dissertations and theses have a specific literature review section, the database ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full-Text is often worthwhile searching. Though one may not limit to the particular document type "literature review" in this database, one might search for the term literature review in, say, the abstract:

Moreover, many dissertations have a "literature review" chapter. In the field of Education, it is often the second chapter.

Still searching for sources? Haven't found 10-25 articles on your topic yet? 

Explore the databases below, using keywords, and limiting to full text.  If you find an article close to your topic, consider limiting the types of sources, using the "Methodology" limiter on the left hand side.

If you need help, make a research appointment - it will 10/10 save you time.


Citation chaining means searching backwards and forwards in time for materials that are cited by and also that cite an article or resource that you already have.

Backwards chaining is the process of looking at an awesome article(s) you've already found and searching for items in the works cited of those sources, which could be relevant and amazing for your research paper.

Here, you are looking back at past research in an attempt to track the development of the concept you are researching. As you find more resources, and use the citations listed in those reference lists, your network of resources will expand very quickly.

To access the resources you found by backwards chaining, simply copy the citation titles from the reference lists you have and paste them into the library's databases

Forwards chaining is the process of finding sources which have cited the awesome articles you are already using.

Here, you are looking forward at research conducted after your existing article, tracking the development of the concept you are researching.

Forwards Chaining

Using Google Scholar  we can also view a list of publications in which the authors' have cited this same article in their work. 

Open Google Scholar and paste the most intriguing article title into the search box from your original search

Underneath the article details, you'll see a Cited by link.  Simply click this link to access those titles/authors which have cited your title in their new research.

Let's start!

Activity: Practicing backwards and forwards citation chaining

  • Using the handout, write down a few search terms on your specific topic.  You might have to try a few terms before you find a good hit.
  • Next, head to the Databases & Journals tab in ulearn, under Library & Resources
  • Choose one of the databases from the list provided, or click the Everything tab on the library's homepage
  • Enter in your keywords, choose Full Text, choose Articles and limit date range to 2005-2019.
  • Scroll through your first page of results, and choose an article that "pops" out at you.
  • Open the red PDF Full Text to read the article
  • Scroll to the last page of the article, until you get to Reference List or Works Cited
  • Choose an article or book from the works cited that "pops" at you, to start your "Chain"
  • You've got your first article on the chain - now let's practice Forward Citation Chaining, using Google Scholar.
  • Choose the best article (the one closest to your dream topic) and copy the title
  • Paste the title into Google Scholar
  • Click the "Cited by..." link, to see all of the articles that have cited this article in their research.
  • Choose one of the articles listed, and POW! You have your second link in the chain.
  • Repeat as needed, until you've found your 6-8 articles.

Tip: articles published in the last few years might be too recent to have any other articles citing them. 

Backward and forward citation chaining
  Resources cited in the article

  Resources that cite the article

  • will be older than the article
  • help you identify past resources on the same topic 
    (such as theories or classic articles)
  • will be newer than the article you've already found  
  • help you identify more recent, relevant research  

How does following MLA Format benefit you? 

  • Aligns your thoughts with scholarly works 
  • Allows your readers to easily locate the works
  • Avoids plagiarism by giving credit to the ideas of other authors/thinkers 

MLA Basics: MLA Sample Paper

  • In-text Citations Format: (Author's last name and the page number). Period after the in-text citation. 
    • Example: “There is a significant relationship between auditors’ assessments of the relevance and reliability of reported information and their attitudes to creative accounting” (Ionescu 161).
    • Need more help? Click here!
  • How to Cite an Interview!
  • General paper format: 1-inch margins, double spaced, Times New Roman, indent each new paragraph
  • First page's format: Upper left-hand corner-- double spaced list of Your name, Instructor's name, the course, and date 
    • Need more help? Click here!
  • Works Cited page (last page): List citations in alphabetical order, double spaced, hanging indents, and appropriate citation format for each source type (i.e. book vs. article)
    • Need more help? Click here!