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Embedded Resources: SNC

LEAD 1010 10341


Greetings! I'm honored to be your personal librarian for LEAD 1010.  

I can help you pick a topic, find articles, or answer any other question.  Seriously.  I got you!

The library is now hosting online research appointments:

Click here to book an appointment   We're here for you!

Sarah Naomi Campbell| 

Did you know you can also chat or text with me?  It's anonymous, free, and super fast!  Simply click the Ask a Librarian button below, or look for it on our home page!


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Primary and Secondary Sources 

Primary sources are documents that provide full description of the original research. For example, a primary source would be a journal article where a scholar in hospitality management describes their original research on the impact of empathy in hotel management. A secondary source would be an article commenting or analyzing the scholars' research on the  impact of empathy in hotel management.


 Primary Source

 Secondary Source


 Original materials that have not been filtered through interpretation or evaluation by a   second party.

 Sources that contain commentary on or a discussion about a primary source.


 Primary sources tend to come first in the publication cycle.

 Secondary sources tend to come second in the publication cycle.

 FORMATS--depends on the kind of analysis being   conducted.

 Conference papers, dissertations, interviews, laboratory notebooks, patents, a study reported in a journal article and technical reports.

 Review articles, magazine articles, and books

 Example: Scientists studying Genetically Modified Foods.

 Article in scholarly journal reporting research and methodology.

 Articles analyzing and commenting on the results of original research; books doing the same




 Primary Source

 Secondary Source

  • Conference Papers     
  • Correspondence
  • Dissertations
  • Diaries
  • Interviews
  • Lab Notebooks
  • Notes
  • Patents
  • Proceedings
  • Studies or Surveys
  • Technical Reports
  • Theses
  • Criticism and Interpretation  
  • Dictionaries
  • Directories
  • Encyclopedias
  • Government Policy
  • Guide to Literature
  • Handbooks
  • Law and Legislation
  • Monographs
  • Moral and Ethical Aspects
  • Political Aspects
  • Public Opinion
  • Reviews
  • Social Policy
  • Tables




Source: The Evolution of Scientific Information (from Encyclopedia of Library and Information Science, vol. 26).

Searching for the name of a leader?  Try searching the Articles tab from the Library's Homepage.  From there, choose Full Text on the left hand side so you can read it online right away.  Source Types on the left hand side will help you determine what type of source it is and the abstract will help you determine if this would be a useful source for your project.  For example, the source on Steve Jobs below is a primary source, as it's an oral history interview, but you could easily find a secondary source by looking at scholars examining his life from an academic perspective, or articles in magazines dissecting his impact on the world of technology. If you need help, reach out to a librarian via chat or make a research appointment.

Worried about MLA?  Don't be!  Here's a link to a Sample Paper in MLA that will help walk you through.

Did you know you can copy and paste citations if you use the library's databases?

1. Save time -  look for the "Cite" Button or " " icon.

2. Scroll to the style you need (MLA, APA)

3. Copy and paste the full citation into your paper

Ta Da!  You're done!  Well, almost.  Sometimes weird formatting issues happen, so always double check your work.



Need help with in-text citations or more complicated citations?  Use the OWL!  It's super easy, and totally simple. This is also a really good time to make an appointment with a writing tutor to make sure your paper is totally perfect and all your citations are good to go.